Hard Ground Barasingha
The barasingha or swamp deer (cervus duavcelli branderi) is a red deer, it weighs 170 - 180 kg (370 - 400
lb). It occurs in a wide range of habitats, especially preferring marshes, where
it can be highly aquatic, and grassy areas close to water. It also occurs in a variety
of forest types. the species survives on specific species of grass found in and near the swamps.
The barasingha was found all over the the basin
of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra River. It is also found in Central India in Kanha National Park. The Hard Ground Swamp Deer at Kanha is a different race found no where else. The deer is critically endangered and loosing ground due to destruction of habitats all over its natural home.
The animal inhabits forest types, dry and moist
deciduous forest , mangrove forest and evergreen forests. Its is dependant on swamps, reed beds and grasslands in these areas.
The animal ways about 180 kg and reaches a height of four feet. It is the most dainty of all red deer and has 10 to 14 twines hence called barasinga in Hindi (Bara = 12, Sing = horns).
Cervus Duavceli Duavceli is found in Uttar Pradesh at Dudhwa National Park, and Kaziranga in Assam. Cervuc Duavceli Branderi with hard hoofs is found only at Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh in India. The race in Assam is now labeled as C.D. Ranjitsinghji as separate race and is the most threatened.
The Swamp Deer live in large herds of females while young males form schools of four to five heads. The males come together to take command of females after fierce fights during the mating season. More than 2 years (females). The rutting season is in winters during the months of November and December. Normally one fawn is born after nine months of gestation.
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