Royal Bengal Tiger
The scientific name of Indian tiger is 'Panthera tigris tigris' and it is one of the largest predator on earth. The Bengal Tiger of India is critically endangered animal on brink of extinction. It is larger than many of its asian cousins but smaller than the Siberian Tiger.
Unlike lions tigers are solitary animals and pair only during the mating whence the tigress is in estrous. The family of about 3 cubs is reared by the tigress and the male rarelt takes part if up keep of the family.
The males weigh around two hundred fifty kg while female may weigh upto one hundred eigthy kg. The cubs reach maturity after two and a half years whence they separate from the mother. They then have to carve their own territory.
Tigers are tertiary carnivores in the food pyramid and keystone species of the ecosystems. Unlike lions they live in dense forests and rarely step out of it. They also survive is tall grasslands with forests in vicinty. The normal tiger is painted orange yellow with black stripes all over the body except the belly. The length can vary up to 10 feet tail included in case of males.
The white tiger is not a separate species as is believed. It is a phenomena created by a reccessive gene. Only one white tiger is found in the wild near the forests of Bandhavgarh National Park in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India.
From forty thousand tigers at the beginning of the century there are about fifteen hundred animals left alive in wild India. The tiger is found in portected areas created for the protection of Indian wildlife all togather in their natural habitat. There are many tiger reserves in India created under the aegis of Prject Tiger program. The popular one;s are Corbett, Kanha National Park, Nagarhole Tiger Reserve, Indravati, Sariska, Melghat, Palamou Tiger Reserve, Simlipal National
Park, Buxa Sanctuary, Sunderbans National Park, Manas Namdapha National
Park, Nagarjun Sagar Shrishailam and the famous Bandipur National Park in India.
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