India is bestowed with amazing life forms. It is home to four zoo geographic zones and many sub regions that support endemic, rare and interesting life forms. Gujarat falls under Ethiopian zoo geographic region hence has marked affinity with African biodiversity. Animals like leopard, lion, caracal, wild ass, hyena, desert cat, desert fox, wolf, crocodiles and many others inhabit its salt deserts, grasslands and dry deciduous forests. Gujarat is home to interesting bird species notable ones being the flamingos,bustards, pelicans, raptors and long list of passerines and warblers many of which are migrants.
Also called Sasan Gir the park lies in Junagadh District of Gujarat. Encompassing an area of roughly 1500 sq km plus the home of Asiatic Lion is rich in biodiversity. The eco-region comprises of Kathiawar Gir dry deciduous forests, interspersed with grasslands, perennial rivers, reservoirs and small water bodies. Wild animals and birds inhabit the National Park. Apart from Lion animals like leopard, sloth bear, blue bull, hyena. Indian gazelle, sambar, jackal, fox, spotted deer, black buck and four horned antelope are the main attractions.
Many reptiles including King Cobra, krait, viper are the venomous creatures besides many non poisonous snakes can be seen. Monitor lizard, marsh or mugger crocodiles, uromastix pythons are seen often on game rounds. Large number of bird species can be seen as well since Gir is a birding hotspot in India. Paradise flycatcher, Bonelli's eagle, crested and serpent hawk eagles, sand grouse, francolins, minivets, flycatchers, fantails, vultures and many more can be seen on safari in the park and surroundings.
The centre of focus here are the dainty antelope black bucks, wolf, Nilgai and striped hyena. Also known as BlackBuck National Park it is classified as 4B Gujarat Rajwada Biotic Province. It encompasses semi arid bio- geographical zone the inundation of seawater from Gulf of Khambat. This creates a unique habitat comprising of grasslands, saline land, shrubs and mudflats.
Spread over 34 plus sq km Velavadar the extensive grasslands ecosystem supports endangered avian lesser florican, Macqueen's bustard, Montagu's harrier. raptors, flamingos, wintering and resident ducks, warblers, larks sandgouse and many more.
A salty marshland periodically inundated by sea water creates a unique ecosystem that is home enchanting birds and animals some of them are endemic. Little Rann is so called because of its vicinity to Greater Rann of Kutch saline desert land in Kutch District of Gujarat in India. The vast stretch of land comprises of many protected area which constitute a biosphere reserve..
Our visit is limited to Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary home of endangered species, the race is found only here. Encompassing an area of four thousand nine hundred sq km plus, it is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India. Interesting spectacle of salt panning adds to an enriched experience while we search for wild asses, Nilgai, wolf, caracal, chinkara, black buck and others. Birding at Little Rann of Kutch is simply incredible it is an ideal place to see some of the finest and rarest of the species.